As a result of its commitment to the propagation of native plants, Paisajismo Urbano began working with different official bodies and botanical gardens in 2011. Our aim is to incorporate more and more native plants into our vertical ecosystems, predominantly those that grow on walls and slopes. The intention is to improve biodiversity in the ornamental botanical market, as this market is currently diminishing as a result of commercial interests.
Paisajismo Urbano is currently in the process of establishing a cooperation agreement with various official bodies and botanical gardens, which are helping us identify, sample and propagate native species originating from the different countries we visit. Our objective is to create vertical ecosystems consisting of 90% native plants in the near future – all because of our great interest in biology, botany and biodiversity. We are happy to be working with, and endorsed by, the following centres for scientific study:
Jardín Botánico Francisco Javier Clavijero
The Jardín Botánico Francisco Javier Clavijero is a botanical garden spanning a total of 38 hectares, of which 30 are forest preserved in an ancient coffee plantation and 8 are botanical exhibitions, strictly speaking. It is situated near Xalapa, the capital city of the state of Veracruz in Mexico. It holds a scientific collection of living plants, which allows researchers to study and protect regional flora, and encourages public awareness of the importance of maintaining biological diversity. It exhibits close to 6,000 specimens belonging to 700 plant species.The Garden is located in the mesophilic forest area or montane cloud forest, a protective ecosystem by nature. It is situated on the humid slopes of the Cofre de Perote (extinct volcano) to the south of Xalapa, Veracruz, at km 2.5 on the old road to Coatepec.
This Botanical Garden was established in 1975 and since then has been dedicated to the study, protection and dissemination of plants that inhabit the region of Xalapa and its surroundings. It is named in honour of the Jesuit priest Francisco Javier Clavijero, author of Historia antigua de México (Ancient History of Mexico).
Since 1989, the Jardín Botánico Francisco Javier Clavijero has formed part of the Institute of Ecology, A.C. (INECOL). This reserve spans a total of 38 hectares, featuring mainly coniferous forest species. The Garden is a montane mesophilic forest, and considered to be one of the richest and most diverse ecosystems in Mexico, with plants originating from the north and south of the American continent. At present it occupies less than one per cent of the national territory, so its conservation is the main concern. Its attractions include different types of native and exotic plants, mainly conifers with different species predominating in the cloud forest – while its greenhouse houses a collection of cycadas, with all the species of Mexico.
Jardín Botánico de Bogotá “José Celestino Mutis”
The Jardín Botánico de Bogotá José Celestino Mutis is the biggest botanical garden in Colombia. It is located on the savannah of Bogotá, at 2,600 m above sea level: the tropical belt enjoys almost 12 hours of sunlight per day. Its annual rainfall is 713 mm. A centre for research, education and recreation in the Colombian capital, the Garden spans 19.5 ha and is situated right next to the Parque Simón Bolívar. It is a member of the BGCI (Botanic Gardens Conservation International) and is run by the municipal government of Bogotá.
The Garden was created in 1955 in homage to the naturalist, mathematician and Cadiz-born astronomer José Celestino Mutis. It carries out numerous research activities in collaboration with Bogotá’s universities and runs education programmes aimed at students and the general public.
The institution also offers programmes in biotechnology, the conservation of endangered plants, ecology, the conservation of ecosystems, ethnobotany, exploration, floristry, horticulture, biology and the control of invasive species, ecological restoration, the conservation of seeds and spores, studies on classification and taxonomy, sustainability programmes, programmes for agricultural improvement, the restoration of degraded terrain, and the urban environment.
Jardín Botánico Arturo E. Ragonese
Located in Hurlingham, the Jardín Botánico Arturo E. Ragonese covers around 26.8 hectares. It is a member of the BGCI and has registered to the International Agenda for Botanic Gardens in Conservation as chair of the Argentine Botanical Garden Network, having its international identification code as a botanical institution is BAB, as are the initials of its herbarium.
The Jardín Botánico Arturo E. Ragonese is located in the current District of Hurlingham (formerly Castelar), in the Province of Buenos Aires, Republic of Argentina, 30 km to the west of the federal capital. The Jardín Botánico Arturo E. Ragonese belongs to the Institute of Biological Resources, Centre of Natural Resources, within the National Centre of Agricultural Research, National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) in Hurlingham (formerly Castelar).
The Arturo E. Ragonese Botanical Garden performs a conservation role, preserving threatened and endangered species. As a training centre, it also fulfils an educational function, providing schools with a living classroom where students can learn about the environment, plants and cultivation. It is also a recreational area for the whole community, helping to raise awareness of nature and how to respect it by means of guided tours.